16
Sep
2021

The last tropical days! North Macedonia +35,6°C, Bosnia and Herzegovina +35,2°C, Albania +34,1°C, Croatia +34,0°C, Serbia +33,6°C, Slovenia +32,9°C, Bulgaria +32,7°C, Montenegro +32,7°C, Romania +32,0°C, Hungary +31,7°C, Slovakia +31,6°C

The last supertropical (above +35°C) day in Balkan and the last tropical (above +30°C) days…

15
Sep
2021

Forecast for Europe for the period 15. September – 25. October 2021: Western Europe lot of Indian summer, East severe frosts!

Already in the last 6-week forecast for Europe from ECMWF we noticed an untraditional weather…

15
Sep
2021

Typhoon Chanthu hits after Philippines, Taiwan and China South Korea, and Japan

After Supertyphoon Chanthu hit the Philipinnes and Taiwan /https://mkweather.com/terrifying-winds-300-km-h-of-supertyphoon-chanthu-category-5-the-system-is-shifting-from-the-philippines-and-taiwan-above-china-south-korea-and-japan//, a system already hit the coast…

15
Sep
2021

Tropical storm Conson hit Vietnam, Thailand, Laos, and Cambodia, unbelievable 908 mm of rainfall and 20 dead!

After Tropical storm Conson hit Philippines /https://mkweather.com/tropical-storm-conson-hit-the-philippines-vietnam-and-se-china-floods-are-reported-from-thailand-myanmar-cambodia-indonesia-and-east-timor-se-asia//, it aimed directly towards Vietnam, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia,…

15
Sep
2021

Extreme 16 cm / 6 inches hailstorm in Argentina, while Paraguay faces +42°C temperatures only 2 weeks after winter!

Summer has come into parts of South America in summer season 2021/2022 very early –…

15
Sep
2021

Kenya declared a national disaster: Extreme drought and more than 2 million in famine, Central African Republic +36,5°C, the highest September temperature ever

Bad news from East Africa are telling about a severe drought in northern Kenya and…

15
Sep
2021

Australia with the first +40°C of the season (Wyndham, +40,1°C), the next 3 weeks brings heatwaves to northern and central Australia

Longer time we were not informed about the situation in Australia – late Winter 2021…

14
Sep
2021

ECMWF 6-week forecast until 25. October: Europe, North America and World

The newest ECMWF forecast until 25. October returned relatively clear temperature patterns above Europe, North…

14
Sep
2021

Winter 2021 in Southern Hemisphere: JJA composites from ESRL (for months)

In this special Mkweather article we will look at monthly composites of air temperature, precipitation, geopotential…

14
Sep
2021

The first snow of the season in Finland, in Oulu minimum temperature in the afternoon!

Parts of Finland, including of metropolitan area of Oulu experienced on Tuesday, 14. September 2021…

14
Sep
2021

Extreme cold blast in Europe will be longer! -5°C frosts in valleys, maximum temperatures regionally only +5/+7°C in Eastern, Central Europe, and Balkan, cold times in Croatia, Greece, and Turkey! A heating season is beginning!

Extreme cooldown, before which we warned in previous articles is confirming, and moreover, it appears,…

14
Sep
2021

“Hurricane from nothing”: Nicholas hit Texas and Louisiana, including Houston and New Orleans

In the last days, above the coast of the western Gulf Coast, Hurricane Nicholas, Category…

13
Sep
2021

The last 7 September 2021 days brings summer days to European mid-latitudes: Iberia +34°C, France +30°C, Italy/Balkan +28°C, Central Europe/Benelux/England +26°C, Scandinavia +24°C, Eastern Europe +23°C

Already in the last articles, we wrote about 2 warm (hot) periods in Europe until…

13
Sep
2021

Visit of Pope Francis in Slovakia and Hungary with a tropical mid-September weather! Hungary +30,7°C, Slovakia +30,4°C, on Wednesday +34°C / +32°C possible

Little countries in Central Europe are between 12.-15. September 2021 in a center of an…

13
Sep
2021

MKWEATHER SPECIAL: Forecast for the next 3 seasons: Cold Autumn 2021 – Warmer Winter 2021/2022 – Cold Spring 2021 for Europe! A peak of winter in its colder first half. North America with extreme cold blasts and a lot of snow! Monsoon Asia stormy, Siberia and Japan snowy!

The last update of the Winter 2021/2022 forecast we published here at the end of…

13
Sep
2021

Wildfires in Andalusia, Spain, are already deadly, 2500 evacuated

Near massive wildfires in southern Spain, one firefighter is reported as dead at the end…

13
Sep
2021

Tropical system 95B Invest hits India after Delhi reported the strongest monsoon year in 46 years!

The strongest monsoon in Delhi, the Indian capital since 1975, and the tropical system is…

13
Sep
2021

New Zealand: heavy rains, damaging winds, and coldwaves

Not only in the last week, but between Tuesday 14. September – Friday 17. September…

13
Sep
2021

South Africa after snow with the first serious heatwave, +39,0°C near Porth Elizabeth

During the last workweek, maybe the last snowfall of the winter season appeared in South…

12
Sep
2021

Hurricane Olaf, Category 2 (155 km/h / 100 mph sustained winds), hit Mexico

After Hurricane Nora, the next unasked hurricane hit western Mexico and Baja California. While Nora…

12
Sep
2021

35-40°C / 96-104°F temperatures in September in West and Central USA! All-time September records in Colorado Springs or Cheyenne, in Denver, has never been so hot before! Cooldown hits Northwest and the Rocky Mountains between 18.-25. September

Such we forecasted and updated earlier, in the western half of the USA, is continuing…

12
Sep
2021

Severe frosts up to -8°C hit Eastern, up to -5°C Central Europe, Baltic states, and northeastern Balkan between 21.-24. September 2021!

Such we forecasted in articles before /https://mkweather.com/siberian-blast-in-europe-around-20-september-temperatures-in-valleys-should-drop-up-to-5c/; https://mkweather.com/the-last-2-periods-with-summer-days-25c-in-continental-and-tropical-days-30c-in-southern-europe-until-the-end-of-september-2021//, Europe is expecting the last periods of…

12
Sep
2021

Terrifying winds (300 km/h) of Supertyphoon Chanthu, Category 5 (!!!) The system is shifting from the Philippines and Taiwan above China, South Korea, and Japan!

Already in the last days, we warned before a typhoon Chanthu in Eastern Asia /https://mkweather.com/typhoon-chanthu-hits-japan-china-taiwan-and-south-korea-tokyo-with-tmax-only-218c-and-floods-tornado-and-snowing-in-china//…

12
Sep
2021

A deadly and devastating F2 tornado in Italy, tornado in Germany, and 2-meters high floodwater in France replaced a powerful September heatwave

A powerful September heatwave in the western half of Europe (+39,2°C in Spain, +36,7°C in…

11
Sep
2021

Snowicane in Greenland! Ex-hurricane Larry brings 1,5 meters / 5 feet of snow in southeastern Greenland!

The first forecasts from early September 2021 were telling, that ex-hurricane Larry hits British Islands,…

11
Sep
2021

Siberian blast in Europe around 20. September! Temperatures in valleys should drop up to -5°C!

Such we mentioned in the previous Mkweather article /https://mkweather.com/the-last-2-periods-with-summer-days-25c-in-continental-and-tropical-days-30c-in-southern-europe-until-the-end-of-september-2021//, between predicted summer periods in Europe…

11
Sep
2021

The last 2 periods with summer days (+25°C) in continental and tropical days (+30°C) in southern Europe until the end of September 2021

While around 20. September, severe coldwave, with a possible regional snowing around 800-1000 MASL and…

10
Sep
2021

Summer 2021 in Northern Hemisphere: JJA composites from ESRL (for months)

In this special Mkweather article we will look at monthly composites of air temperature, precipitation,…

10
Sep
2021

In Oymyakon, winter has come very early: On 10. September a new record: -14,8°C (!)

Already in the last articles, we were informed about early cold blasts across Northern Hemisphere…

09
Sep
2021

The first snowfall in Fuji, Japan, extremely early: 25 days earlier than average!

While Japan, China, Taiwan, and South Korea are preparing for Super-typhoon Chanthu /https://mkweather.com/typhoon-chanthu-hits-japan-china-taiwan-and-south-korea-tokyo-with-tmax-only-218c-and-floods-tornado-and-snowing-in-china// and the…

09
Sep
2021

Snow near the Equator: Ecuador with rare snowfall in Antisana National Park!

While low situated lowlands and coastal areas in Ecuador reported in the last days tropical…

09
Sep
2021

ECMWF 6-week forecast until 18.10.2021: Europe, North America, World

EUROPE: In a raw estimate, the western half of Europe should until 18. October 2021…

09
Sep
2021

Heatwave in the western half of the USA is bringing many daily temperature records, extreme coldwave in outlook only after 20. September, until then the largest wildfire in California in history should be observed

Already in the last article, we warned before extreme heatwave, which was forecasted to replace…

09
Sep
2021

Tropical storm Mindy hit Florida, Georgia, and South Carolina

A stormtrack of Tropical storm Mindy – not above northeastern Mexico, Texas, and Louisiana, such…

09
Sep
2021

Weaker hurricane season between 10. September – 20. October (dry MJO, phases 4,5,6, and 7)?

If we neglect major Hurricane Larry, which hits in the next few days Newfoundland and…

08
Sep
2021

A BIG SPECIAL: Composites of Summer / Winter 2021 in continents of Northern / Southern hemispheres – Temperature, Precipitation, Air pressure, Zonal winds, and Meridional winds anomalies

In this special Mkweather article we will look at the last summer and winter in…

08
Sep
2021

The hottest September day in Scotland in 115 years! Charterhall +28,6°C!

In the last days and hours, we were informed about extremely hot weather and temperature records…

08
Sep
2021

Drammen Berskog, Norway: +28,6°C, all-time September national record!

In the last days, we were informed about extremely hot weather in the UK (+30,7°C)…

08
Sep
2021

In most of Europe, coldwaves with frosts, in colder regions the first snowing, should come between 20. September – 10. October 2021! A big ensemble forecast for European cities

After late-summer and early-autumn coldwaves, Europe is currently enjoying hot summer, tropical or even supertropical…

08
Sep
2021

Before heatwave frosts and ground frosts: Ukraine -0,4°C, Belarus -0,2°C, Hungary +1,2°C, Lithuania +1,3°C, Moldova +2,0°C, Slovenia +2,4°C, North Macedonia +2,5°C – regionally with daily national records

On the front side of the high-pressure system, shifting from continental Europe eastward, or within…

08
Sep
2021

Spain +39,2°C, France +36,7°C, Portugal +36,0°C: Heatwave is bringing many all-time September records!

Wave of extremely hot weather hit in the last days not only northwestern Africa  (all-time…

07
Sep
2021

Glenbeigh, Ireland +28,6°C – the hottest September day since 1906! Gogerddan, Wales +30,7°C, Northolt, England +30,1°C!

After extreme heatwaves in northwestern Africa (all-time September record in Algeria, +48,2°C and almost all-time…

07
Sep
2021

Nouasseur, Morocco: +44,5°C, only 0,7°C below all-time national September temperature record!

Only before a few days, we were informed about record high temperatures in Algeria and…

07
Sep
2021

Ecatepec, Mexico: 3 inches / 75 mm in 90 minutes, Morelos, Mexico: 5,5 inches in 24 hours. Baja California hits the next hurricane!

The last short reports from the world before important articles from the wider European and…

07
Sep
2021

Colombia and Venezuela with the next deadly floods, rain season and cold pattern soon above Amazon and northeastern Brazil

A short report from flood events in northern South America we are bringing in the…

07
Sep
2021

Southern Asia is flooded: India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal, and Oman with severe floods in the last period

The last Mkweather article from Asia is looking at severe floods in Southern Asia –…

07
Sep
2021

Tropical storm Conson hit the Philippines, Vietnam, and SE China, floods are reported from Thailand, Myanmar, Cambodia, Indonesia, and East Timor

In the second of trio articles from Eastern, Southeastern and Southern Asia we will investigate…

07
Sep
2021

Typhoon Chanthu hits Japan, China, Taiwan and South Korea, Tokyo with Tmax only +21,8°C and floods, tornado and snowing in China

Autumn 2021 similarly such as in Europe and North America started in Eastern Asia with…

06
Sep
2021

A jump from +30°C to -5°C around 20. September in continental Europe? Scandinavia -15°C already the next week!

Pressure high above Europe is bringing extreme contrasts – while in France, +40°C is exceeded…

06
Sep
2021

+40°C in France in September?

France experienced in 2021 with cold and very wet summer and similar conditions were in…

06
Sep
2021

Europe: First frosts are here! Czechia -3,0°C, Slovakia -1,7°C, Poland +0,2°C, Romania +0,2°C, Ukraine +0,7°C

The last mornings, mainly morning 6. September 2021 brought into East-Central Europe, northeastern Balkan and…

06
Sep
2021

Hurricane Larry: A direct impact in British Islands? A predicted possible impact from Portugal to Greenland

In the last articles we warned, that storm activity associated with ex-Hurricane Larry should hit…

05
Sep
2021

A possible Tropical storm Mindy should hit Texas, Louisiana, Mexico, maybe Mississippi, Alabama, and Florida! The next hurricane in the Gulf Coast possible around 15.9. and near western Mexico around 8.-12.9., between 20.9.-10.10. a long break from hurricanes!

After Hurricane Ida /articles about devastating hurricane Ida and its impacts in the USA you…

05
Sep
2021

A long-lasting heatwave for the western half of the USA until 15. September immediately after an ex-Hurricane Nora!

Ex-hurricane Nora brought in southwestern states, mainly Arizona and New Mexico heavy rains and regionally,…

05
Sep
2021

It will be hard winter! Canada under the snow until 20. September 2021, including southern, densely populated parts, where 70 cm / 27 inches is possible!

After the first snowfall of the season at the end of August and at the…

05
Sep
2021

Northern Europe: -15°C frosts and snowing are predicted, while continental Europe (from France to Ukraine) should see -2°C already in the following week!

While the next week will bring in European mid-latitudes and even in England or Baltic…

05
Sep
2021

Long-term ECMWF 6-week forecast until 18. October 2021: Europe, North America, World

A new, the most useful ECMWF 42-day (6-week) forecast – temperature forecast until 18. October…

05
Sep
2021

Very bad news: COVID-19 situation in Europe is in early Autumn 2021 much worse than in 2020: many times higher incidence and increasing trends should cause tragic Winter 2021/2022 – weather is worsening COVID in COLD / DRY conditions

It´s already generally known, that COVID-19 is behaving such as other viruses similar to flu…

04
Sep
2021

Long and even stronger heatwave for Europe! France and Iberia +38°C, Italy and Balkan +35°C, continental and Eastern Europe from +30 to +34°C, England and Baltic states +30°C, Scandinavia +28°C!

In the last 2 articles, we prepared inhabitants of European mid-latitudes before very possibly the…

04
Sep
2021

Bolivia, +42,0°C, Paraguay +41,2°C, northern Argentina +41,5°C and southern Brazil +40,2°C

South America reports after Winter 2021 series of alternating severe frosts with record heatwaves another…

04
Sep
2021

Winter came to Norway and Sweden very early, snow in the north (Tmax below 0°C), frosts in the south (Folldal-Fredheim -8,6°C, Latnivaara -5,2°C)!

In the last 2 articles, we warned before the extreme Arctic cold blast, which hit…

03
Sep
2021

60 dead and total destruction. New York after ex-Hurricane Ida experienced the worst flash floods in history (80 mm / 1 h), Northeast after a natural disaster

Hurricane Ida hasn’t been the most deadly surprisingly in the Gulf Coast (where hit land…

03
Sep
2021

Hurricane Larry (a possible Category 5) stormtrack: A direct impact in British Islands?!!

About a possibility of an arrival of Hurricane Larry or its remnants into Europe, we…

03
Sep
2021

The 3rd cloudiest /dullest/ August in Southern England in history! In London, the temperature didn´t rise above + 25°C!

Only in the last article, we were informed about the lack of heatwaves in Summer…

03
Sep
2021

Ski resorts in the Alps open record early – since the end of August 2021: normally open 25. September to 15. October

About an untraditionally early start of the Winter season, 2021/22 in the Alps wrote inthesnow.com…

03
Sep
2021

Algeria +48,2°C, Egypt +47,7°C, only 0,2°C / 0,1°C below all-time September records! Extremely hot will be until early next week

Extremely hot weather in Northern Africa is back! After record heatwaves and deadly wildfires in…

03
Sep
2021

Supercell storms with golf-ball-size hail, tornadoes, and 100km/h+ winds hit Saskatchewan (Regina, Assiniboia regions)

Central Canada hit on Tuesday, 31. August untraditionally severe storms, with large hail, tornadoes, and…

02
Sep
2021

Southern Norway summer (+28,3°C – only 0,2°C below national monthly record!), northern Norway winter (snowing), extreme frosts are coming!

About extreme differences in weather between southern and northern Scandinavia until the end of week,…

02
Sep
2021

The weakest summer in Paris, France, in 21. century? The hottest day of the year with only +33,3°C!

Only in August 2021, we were informed about anomalous conditions in France during Spring and…

02
Sep
2021

Floods in Auckland region, New Zealand: 201 mm – the highest rainfall amounts since 1943!

Spring 2021 has started in New Zealand with heavy rains and floods. After warm Winter…

02
Sep
2021

BREAKING! Catastrophic floods hit Spain! Toledo, Valencia, Barcelona, Majorca regions are completely flooded! Tourists in a danger!

Cold Arctic air has shifted already into Southern Europe and while Balkan and Greece reported…

02
Sep
2021

Extremely cold air is already in Southern Europe! Greece +6,1°C, North Macedonia +4,8°C, Bosnia and Herzegovina +3,9°C, Romania / Slovenia +3,4°C, Croatia +3,0°C! 2-3°C above all-time records!

Statistics about measured national TOP minimum and TOP maximum temperatures in Europe between 22.-30. August…

01
Sep
2021

Hills in Death Valley were blooming white with salt! Precious salt flowers appeared after a rain! Will bring Spring 2021 extraordinary bloom?

Visitors and park officials in Death Valley National park were in the last days surprised…

01
Sep
2021

Disruptive snowfall in South Africa, regionally up to 50 cm!

In the last days, we were informed about an extreme Antarctic blast in south-Africa states…

31
Aug
2021

The first significant ex-hurricane in Europe! Possible Hurricane Category 4 Larry should bring danger to America, then should aim towards the UK, France, Ireland, Benelux, Norway, Spain, or Portugal!

While Tropical storm Julian has downgraded and its remnants are shifting towards Greenland, the next…

31
Aug
2021

Ex-hurricane Nora brings heavy rains and floods in Southwest, the USA

At the weekend we were informed about Hurricane Nora, which hit western Mexico and its…

31
Aug
2021

Terrifying noises of Hurricane Ida, Category 4-5 (!!!) Looks like an EF4-5 tornado! /VIDEOS/

Hurricane Ida in the last 72 hours (Sunday – Tuesday, 29.-31. August 2021) brought extensive…

31
Aug
2021

Georgia with unbelievable hot night, +31,4°C, maximum temperatures in Georgia +38,2°C, in Ukraine +37,5°C in contrast with cold Europe

While continental Europe is suffering very cold weather /https://mkweather.com/statistics-the-coldest-measured-temperatures-in-europe-during-the-august-2021-coldwave// and in Scandinavia, the next severe…

31
Aug
2021

Record frosts in Scandinavia: -10°C at the weekend, 4.-5. September!

August 2021 coldwave thanks to very high humidity, brought into Scandinavia frosts “only” up to…

31
Aug
2021

The last tropical heatwave of the year in European mid-latitudes! France +35°C, Benelux, Germany, Alps and Carpathians +30°C (Hungary +35°C), the UK and Poland +28°C

In the last article, we were informed, that after an extremely cold late-summer coldwave, which…

31
Aug
2021

ECMWF 6-week temperature forecast: Europe, North America, World

There are available the next ECMWF outputs for the first half of Autumn 2021 (until…

31
Aug
2021

Snow hasn´t melted in 2021 in Summer 2021 in Sonnblick, Austria (3107 MASL), last time it happened in 2016, still 92 cm snow cover

Snow has melted since 2003 approximately in 1/2 of all summer seasons. Surprisingly high snow…

30
Aug
2021

Statistics: The coldest measured temperatures in Europe during the August 2021 coldwave

The first summarizing articles with maximum and minimum temperatures measured during the last workweek we…

30
Aug
2021

2022-2023 forecast: Chances for El-Nino?

Only in the last days we published continental forecasts for Autumn (in Southern Hemisphere Spring)…

30
Aug
2021

Winter 2021/2022 forecast – The first reliable estimates: Extreme cold blasts from Canada and Western Siberia, late snow in Western Europe and snow in Eastern Asia – La Nina, QBO- to QBO+ shift, sufficient NAO-/AO-, PNA-

Autumn 2021 is here and we should look at Winter 2021/2022 forecast for Northern Hemisphere….

30
Aug
2021

Terrifying and dramatic videos of Hurricane Ida, Category 5, Louisiana, the USA (MUST SEE!!!)

Only in the last 2 articles, we warned before the worst hurricane of Atlantic Hurricane…

29
Aug
2021

Nadym, 65°N, Russian Arctic, with +32,7°C at the end of Summer 2021 (16,4°C above climatic normal), a new all-time August record! Ukraine anomalous +37,5°C!

Not so far ago we were informed about +39,2°C measured at 55°N in Russia /https://mkweather.com/russia-392c-at-55n-yelabuga//…

29
Aug
2021

Botswana before and after Antarctic blast: +39,7°C – a new August record / -6,5°C – 4,1°C from all-time national cold record! Gabon +33,8°C, Congo +36,7°C (August record and 0,3°C from August record)!

In the last days, we were informed about extreme Antarctic cold blasts in South-African states…

29
Aug
2021

Cizre, Turkey: +47,5°C! It has never been so hot so late! Shush, Iran, +51,9°C!

Extremely hot weather has already shifted from the Mediterranean above Turkey and the Middle East,…

29
Aug
2021

A possible Hurricane Julian should shift towards Europe, Tropical storm Kate towards Greenland!

Only in the last article, we warned before the strongest hurricane in 2021 – Category…

29
Aug
2021

BREAKING (!!!) TOP 1 weather event / natural disaster of the year! Catastrophic Hurricane Ida, Category 5, hit the USA (!!!) The strongest hurricane in Louisiana since 1850 (!!!)

Only in the last article, we wrote about mass evacuations in the Gulf Coast before…

28
Aug
2021

Hurricane Nora (Category 2) hits Mexico and Southwest, the USA! Mexicali with a new Mexican national August record, +50,6°C!

Not only Gulf Coast and the eastern half of the USA are expecting very hard…

28
Aug
2021

Typhoon Omais in South Korea: 98 mm / 1 hour!

Early this week, East Asia reported problems with a Typhoon Omais (according some sources Severe…

28
Aug
2021

People in Gulf Coast, the USA, are escaping from the strongest hurricane of the season (!!!) Hurricane Ida, Category 4, hits the USA in full power!

Although, after 10. September and maybe all October 2021, weaker parameters for development of storng…

28
Aug
2021

Rare, 32 inches / 80 cm of snowfall in Atacama desert, Chile! More than the region has seen in the last half-century together!

Only in the last article we wrote about extreme winter in Argentina, with -20°C temperatures…

28
Aug
2021

Tropical days (+32°C) in Central Europe around 10. September? In France (+36°C) will be hot much sooner! Hot in Spain (+38°C), Italy and Balkan (+35°C), the UK (+28°C) or Scandinavia (+25°C), too!

After extreme late Summer coldwave, Europe should be prepared for a return of hot summer!…

28
Aug
2021

Slovakian valleys +1,1°C, Hungarian lowlands +4,0°C, France only +3,7°C: Arctic air in continetnal Europe hit in full power! Around 3.9. should be in Alpine and Carpathian valleys -1/-2°C!

Extreme late-Summer 2021 coldwave is bringing expected temperatures very close to zero already in lower…

27
Aug
2021

Europe: Coldwave is bringing extremely cold maximum temperatures – Norway +1,6°C, Germany +9,9°C, Croatia +14,2°C, daily temperatures below +10°C until 2. September are possible

Extremely cold weather has arrived at the end of Summer 2021 and will be continuing…

27
Aug
2021

Floods in the USA: New York after Hurricane Henri with 1-hour rainfall record, 1,94 inches (49,3 mm), floods in Tennessee caused 22 dead (state record 17 inches / 432 mm) and monsoon flooded Flagstaff, El Paso

Floods at the end of Summer 2021 do not avoid either the USA. In the…

27
Aug
2021

Flood risk in Southern half of Europe in the next period! Cooldown already has brought floods in Marseille and Barcelona regions, France / Spain

While cooldown in continental Europe is bringing relatively calm rains, winds, and extremely cold temperatures,…